Basement Wall Caving In

Basement Wall Caving In

Basement Wall Caving In

If you notice your basement walls are bent, bowed, leaning, or they look like they’re caving in, they should be repaired right away to prevent water damage and other structural issues. These walls represent the foundation of your home, so if they start to lean or bend, the structure of your home could be at risk.

Complete Fix For A Basement Wall That Is Caving In

Carbon Fiber Staples

This is only a short-term solution, and does not repair completely a basement wall caving in issue.

Cracked walls that are repaired with only injected material may suffer from long-term creep and fatigue causing failure over time due to foundation movement. By cross-stitching concrete crack repairs with staples, this creep is eliminated and the long-term performance of the repair material improves.

The staples are made of high-tensile-strength carbon fibers encapsulated in a thermal-set resin and cured under pressure during manufacturing. A peel-ply fabric is adhered to the staples, and when removed, it leaves a prepared bonding surface ready for adhesion to a prepared substrate. A manual vacuum lamination process ensures a void-free bond of the staples on severely deflected walls. The typical staple is 10 inches long by 0.38-inch wide, with 1-inch legs. The staples can be used with various crack repair materials, including carbon fiber straps, and add little additional cost to the entire crack repair.

To make sure your basement walls have the support they need to keep water at bay, we’ll install carbon-fiber kevlar straps with incredibly rigid epoxies. These heavy-duty straps cling to the walls, giving them stronger-than-steel strength. This straightens the walls in your basement, repairing cracks in the foundation. Once we install the straps over the walls, the materials will harden and become flush with the rest of your basement to create a securely bonded structure. This creates a grid-like pattern with the bricks or concrete in your basement running horizontal and the straps running vertically. We can even paint over the straps once they’re dry to ensure that your walls look seamless.

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To prevent soil expansion and excess water from pushing against the walls of your basement, we will also install heavy-duty tie-backs, or long, screw-like shafts, to keep your walls in place. We install these tie-backs at an angle for more lateral stability to keep your walls from bending, leaning, or cracking in the future. For more protection, we can also install wall anchors comprised of metal plates and a steel shaft. These anchors stabilize leaning or bowed walls. They require minimal excavation, so you don’t have to worry about our team ruining your yard or your home’s landscaping.

This technique then restores the integrity of the wall structures and overall foundation of your home hence ensuring a lasting and secure home. To ensure the walls remain upright standing at all times, we fit long-lasting tie-backs or metal shafts to keep your walls intact.

This then enhances the wall stability. Steel shaft anchors can also play a similar role in preventing walls from bending, leaning, or cracking for the foreseeable future. Once you apply this particular fix, you should never have to worry about soil expansion and excess water pushing your vault walls.

SECURITY CAMERA FOOTAGE OF A BASEMENT WALL CAVING IN DUE TO FLOODWATER EXERCISING LATERAL PRESSURE

Causes For A Basement Wall To Cave In

Over time, soil and excess water will push against the walls of your basement, forcing them to bow, bend, crack, or eventually cave in.

Soil Expansion –

As the soil absorbs water it becomes saturated. To the point beyond which the soil particles become loose forcing it to expand and push against the wall foundation. This pressure is too much for your walls that they begin to buckle to the pressure of the soil. 

Typically, bowed, bent, or crumbling basement walls are caused by soil expansion. Water and other changes to the soil around your home can put added pressure on the walls of your basement. These walls are designed to support the downward weight of your home, but not lateral pressure due to soil expansion.

Rainwater –

Excessive rainwater seeping through your structural foundation especially due to cracks or gaps in the wall may result in excessive saturation, which in turn weakens by enlarging the said gaps. When the gaps are big enough water will get into your basement.

Improper Drainage

– This occurs due to a poor drainage system in your home originating from say, a plumbing failure. When such excess water cannot find its course, it gradually drips down your vault walls, essentially dampening and weakening the wall structure.

Consequences Of A Basement Wall Caving In

Foundational Failure –

The soil around your foundation absorbing excessive water may in essence affect the overall stability and strength of such a foundation. In the long run, your home could be in danger of collapse or chronic structural damage towards your basement walls.

Once water gets into your home, it will lead to lasting structural damage that will make your home less safe. The walls will continue to cave in, and part of your home could even collapse. This will lower the overall value of your home. If you’re planning on selling your home, you will have to lower the price as the home inspector brings these issues to your attention.

Cracked Walls

– Excessive water forcing its way down the vault through its walls may subsequently expand any tiny gaps in the wall, thus leaving behind a trail of more cracks. Such cracks are bound to accentuate the effects of overall structural damage.

Basement Flooding

– This may happen to unsuspecting homeowners who do not regularly assess the safety of their cellars. Over time, percolating water may find its rest on your vault floor and gradually rise to flooding levels. This may damage any personal belongings stored in the cellar.

As soil and water continue to push against the walls of your basement, the foundation of your home will become less secure. Water will start to leak through the holes or gaps in the walls, leading to water damage and the spread of mold.

As water and moisture spread, mold can collect in your family’s basement, which poses a danger to you and your loved ones’ health. Mold can lead to respiratory issues, skin and eye irritation, intense coughing, and other health issues

Preventing Having A Wall Caving In

my suggestion is to avoid having a wall caving in as a plan for the future. Have your typical four inch gutters replaced with six inch gutters and make sure that the ground around the house is regraded properly to minimize any excess water reaching the wall.

Furthermore, when you do a foundation inspection, ensure that a checking if the basement wall is caving in or buckling is included in the checklist thereof.

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BY M. Kogan

Hello, I am Marcio. I am an architect and designer, alma mater is Mackenzie. Retired in theory, but an architect never retires completely. Along with architectural projects, I am a filmmaker and have completed some short documentaries. Filmmaking and design are my passions. In HomeQN I write about home decoration and foundations. The goal is to teach homeowners to DYI as much as possible, and when this is not possible, enable them through knowledge, to evaluate service quotations and choose the best service technicians.

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